Research Findings on STDs
1. You can be infected with an STD and show no symptoms.
Many STDs don’t cause any symptoms that you would notice, so the only way to know for sure if you have an STD is to get tested. You can get an STD from having sex with someone who has no symptoms. Just like you, that person might not even know he or she has an STD.
2. At least 25% of teen girls in the US has at least one STD.
TRUE (and FALSE)
A new CDC study indicates that one in four (26%) female adolescents in the United States has at least one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
This is also false for two reasons:
1. Some STIs – including syphilis, HIV and gonorrhea – were not included in the analysis so this percentage of those with STI could be higher.
2. 50% of those in the study had reported never having had sex. Among the girls who had had sex, the STI prevalence was 40 percent. Girls with three or more partners had a STI prevalence of over 50 percent. Among the teenage girls who had an STI, 15 percent had more than one.
The Truth is: 40 to over 50% of sexual active teenage girls has one or more sexually transmitted infections.
3. Using a condom will fully protect you from contracting an STDs.
Consistent and correct use of the male latex condom reduces the risk of sexually transmitted disease (STD) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. However, condom use cannot provide absolute protection against any STD. The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of STDs are to abstain from sexual activity, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infection because STDs often are asymptomatic and unrecognized.
4. Some STDs make it impossible to have a baby.
If left untreated, chlamydia and gonorrhea can make it difficult—or even impossible—for a woman to get pregnant.
5. There are just over 2 million new cases of STDs in the USA each year.
While sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) affect individuals of all ages, STDs take a particularly heavy toll on young people. CDC estimates that youth ages 15-24 make up just over one quarter of the sexually active population, but account for half of the 20 million new sexually transmitted infections that occur in the United States each year.